Hagia Sophia Museum

The most visited museums are located between the Hagia Sophia; in terms of art and architectural history is one of the world's most prominent monument is shown as the 8th wonder of the world. This structure further by the 6th century the Eastern Roman Philo, was regarded as a wonder of the world 8.inci. Architecture, magnificence, size and functionality as seen in the direction of the first and the last unique application Sophia, on the basis of Ottoman mosques, even though the idea was inspired, is a product of East-West synthesis. This work is among the most important monuments have survived to the present day in the history of world architecture. Therefore, the Hagia Sophia, as well as the history, architecture, mosaics and has attracted the interest of all mankind for centuries the Turkish era structures. 916 years Hagia Sophia church, mosque for 481 years, since 1935`t function as a museum that continues to date. Byzantine historians (Theophanes, Nikephoros, Grammarian Leon) the first Sophia was Emperor Constantine (324-337) argued that the time to do. Basilica designed, wooden roofed building was burned down during the riots. No remains of this building have survived. Emperor II. Theodosius Hagia Sophia built for the second time and it was opened for worship 415`t. The basilica was again burned down during the revolution in the structure plan 532` Nike. The excavations carried out in 1936 has revealed some ruins about it. These steps indicating the entrance of temples, columns, headings, various architectural pieces. Emperor Justinian (527-565) wanted to built a larger church first two Hagia Sophia, Miletos the age of Hagia Sophia was built by the famous architect Isidore and Tralles` Anthemios` of surviving. The columns of the ancient cities of Anatolia, headers, brought to Istanbul to be used in marble and colored stones Hagia Sophia. The construction of the Sophia was begun on 23 December 532` is completed on December 27 537`. Considering the architectural aspects of a large central space, two side locations (nef), apses, occurred from internal and external narthex. The interior, 100 x 70 m. The measure, carried by four large piers over 55 m. in height, 30.31 m. in diameter covered with a dome. In addition to the architectural mosaic of Sophia was also of great importance. The oldest mosaics are golden gilded interior narthex and side aisles with geometric and floral motifs mosaic. Figured mosaics IX.-XII. It has been in centuries. These are the Emperor door, apses, exit doors and upstairs gallery shows. Turkish period started with the conquest of the Hagia Sophia in Istanbul has seen several repairs. Surrounding the mihrab of the Turkish tile art and includes the finest examples of Turkish calligraphy. They are on the dome of the famous Turkish calligrapher Mustafa Izzet Efendi, a Kazasker sure taken from Koran 7.50 m. round plates in diameter are attracting the most attention. These plates Allah, Muhammad Umar, Uthman, Ali, Hasan, Abu Bakr, Hussein's names are written. In the side walls of gift wrote here that there are plates of the Ottoman sultans. Sultan Abdulhamid II. Selim I, Sultan III. Mehmet, Sultan III. Tomb of Murat and princes, Sultan Mahmut's fountain, primary school, soup kitchen, library, Sultan Abdülmecid`'s sovereign court, clock, the tomb are the Turkish period examples of the Hagia Sophia, interior design, pottery and architecture with classic the most beautiful of the Ottoman mausoleum tradition constitute examples. Visits Days and Hours: Hagia Sophia Museum is open to visitors every day except Mondays. According to the winter schedule, including the museum in the last entry 16:00 09.00-17.00; According to the summer schedule, the museum can be visited between the hours of 9:00 to 19:00, including 18:00 last entry. Museum Cards can be obtained from the museum box office.
Summer Season: April 15 to October 1 from 9:00 to 19:00
Box Office Closing Time: 18:00
Winter Season: October 1 to April 15 from 09:00 to 17:00
Box Office Closing Time: 16:00
Special Days: Hagia Sophia Museum, the first day of Ramadan, and Eid is closed half-day visit.
Hagia Sophia Museum and Gallery Floor Entry Fee: $ 20

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